Endurance Athletes and Sprinters Neglect VO2 max Training at Their Own Peril

Study Summary Can Endurance Athletes Hit Their Maximal Oxygen Uptake in Any Race Distance? Researchers tested the idea that endurance athletes can reach their maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) in races of any distance, from sprints to marathons. VO2 max refers to the maximum amount of oxygen an athlete can consume during intense exercise and is a … Read more

Predicting Your VO2 max: How Accurate Are Equations and Models for Endurance Athletes?

Study Summary Researchers analyzed 13 commonly used equations that estimate an endurance athlete’s maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), which is a measure of cardiovascular fitness. They wanted to determine how precise these estimates are for competitive endurance athletes. The study looked at over 5,000 endurance athletes who had their actual VO2 max measured during a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). … Read more

Do Reverse Ramp Tests and Workouts (aka Decremental Protocols) Improve VO2 Max?

The well-known ramp test or ramp workout is frequently used by endurance athletes either to measure progress (test) or elicit progress (training session) or both. The athlete increase power (cycling, rowing erg) etc. or pace (running) every certain amount of time (1 min blocks, 3 minute blocks, 5 minute blocks etc.) But what about a … Read more

Could Exogenous Ketone Esters improve natural EPO levels when taken post-exercise?

Most Ketone Ester studies have looked at a direct impact on cycling performance in a certain window after taking an ester. Those results haven’t been promising. This study is different. It looked at whether Ketone Esters would raise natural EPO levels in male cyclists. Injected EPO was used by cyclists in the height of the … Read more